Terry Cartwright
Terry Cartwright is a qualified accountant in the UK designing accounting and payroll solutions for small to medium sized business of Accounting Software and Payroll Software specifically for self employed and limited companies in the UK that produce a fully automated final set of accounts on excel spreadsheets.
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Payroll Essentials for New Employers

Terry Cartwright

October 15, 2007

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When should an Employer Register for PAYE

Employers should register as soon as possible when a qualifying employee is appointed and may register up to four weeks prior to the first employees pay day. You should register as an employer and operate a PAYE system if your employee already has other employment, or if the employee’s earnings are equal to or above the PAYE threshold. The PAYE threshold for 2007-08 is earnings of £100 per week or £435 per month at which point income tax and national insurance deductions may be required. These limits include the value of any benefits in kind that may be paid.

Employer Registration Information Required

Generally the information to be provided includes the business name, trading address, type of business, name and address of the employer, national insurance number and tax office reference of the employer, contact telephone number and email address if applying by email. In addition details will be required of the likely number of employees, frequency of payment, the date the first employee was appointed and the first payment date. Also have available the address where the payroll records will be kept and the contact details of the person responsible for the payroll. Where partners are involved details of each partner’s names, addresses, national insurance numbers and tax office references will be required and the LLP number for Limited Liability Partnerships. Limited Companies will be required to supply the address of the company’s registered office, date of incorporation and company registration number plus details of the directors; names, addresses, contact telephone numbers, national insurance numbers, tax office references

How to register as a PAYE Employer

Employers can register for PAYE online at the HMCE website. Click Employers - Register as an Employer - First steps as an Employer - scroll down the page until you can click email which then presents you with online registration form to complete and send. Alternatively contact HMCE Employer Helpline at 0845 6070 143.

PAYE and Payroll Records

Accurate payroll records are essential, full stop. Employers must keep payroll records for both HMCE purposes and employees. The employee records must include the name and address of the employee, national insurance number, date of birth, income tax code, all payments and benefits made and all deductions for income tax, national insurance and voluntary deductions. When registering to operate a PAYE system immediate arrangements should be made to ensure these records are maintained either by setting up the records yourself using the help and advice contained in the Revenue CD-ROM provided to all new and existing employers or employing a payroll service to produce the records or using a payroll software package. Various payroll software packages are available with different degrees of complexity. The DIY Accounting Payroll Software is an ideal solution for small employers being written on excel spreadsheets and in addition to producing the deduction calculations and payslips the payroll software also automatically completes an excel copy of the compulsory HMCE forms significantly easing the administrative burden.

Paying Employees

Employees must be paid the national minimum wage which for adults was raised on the 1st October 2007 to £5.52 per hour. Every employee must receive a payslip that shows the amount of income tax and national insurance deducted from the gross pay. In addition every employer must also calculate the employer’s national insurance contribution. If you are an employer and not operating a payroll software system such as the DIY Accounting Payroll Software then you must design a payslip to give to your employees to satisfy legal requirements.

HMCE Payroll Forms

P11 Employees Deductions Working Sheet
The working paper is a record of the weekly or monthly pay for each employee and the income tax and national insurance deductions.

P14 End of Year Employees Deductions Summary
Summary of the employee income tax and national insurance deductions recorded on the P11 deductions working sheet.

P35 Annual Employers Return
Summary detailed by employee of the annual totals of income tax and employee’s national insurance deductions and employers national insurance liability.

P45 Details of Employee Leaving
Only available from the Employer’s helpline the P45 is a certificate of the amount paid to the employee and the income tax deducted during that employment. Every employee that leaves the employers employment should be issued with a P45.

P60 End of Year Employees Certificate
The P60 is a certificate of an employees total earnings and total income tax deducted during the tax year including previous those of previous employers and also the amount of national insurance deducted by the current employer and should be issued to every employee the employer has at the 5th April each year.

Each of these HMCE PAYE forms are automatically completed by the DIY Accounting payroll software which produces excel copies of the HMCE forms making the package highly suitable for both inexperienced employers and those wishing to minimise the administrative burden payroll can place on an employer.

PAYE Payments and Online Bonuses

Deductions of income tax, employees national insurance and employers national insurance must be paid to HMCE each month, the standard final payment date being the 19th of the month following the payroll month.

If monthly payments of income tax and national insurance deductions including employer’s national insurance are under £1,500 per month then employers have the option to pay the amount due to the HMCE on a quarterly rather than a monthly basis. Payments of income tax and national insurance to the HMCE can be made online electronically. At the end of each financial year, 5th April, every employer must submit the P35 Annual Employers Return .to HMCE detailing the amounts paid to each employee and the deductions made for income tax, employees national insurance and employers national insurance with the amount that has already been paid to HMCE in respect of the income tax and national insurance contributions. Employers with less than 50 employees are eligible for a tax free online bonus when the P35 Employers Annual Return is submitted online which has been a tax free £250 and £150 in recent years.


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